小学英语一般将来时(1)

2018-12-17 14:27:00
张秀宇
原创
679

{  一般将来时 }

一、定义:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

二、基本构成:

be going to + do.

打算做某事:

eg:I’m going  to be a singer.我打算成为一名歌手。

She is going to learn  French.她打算去学习法语。

will / shall + 动词原形

这种方法一般单纯地表示将来某个时间将要发生的动作或存在的状态。will用于各种人称;shall只用于第一人称。

eg:I will / shall go to visit him next week.下周我将去拜访他。

What time shall we go there tomorrow? 明天我们几点去那儿?

 

注:will 常简略为 'll并与主语连写在一起,如:I'llhe'llit'llwe'llyou'llthey'll

否定句:

在be动词am, is, arel后加not或情态动词will后加not成won’t。

例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon.
④一般疑问句:

be或will提到句首,some改为any, and改为or,第一二人称互换

例如:We are going to go on an outing this weekend. 

      → Are you going to go on an outing this weekend?
⑤对划线部分提问:

一般情况,一般将来时的对划线部分有三种情况。
1、问人。 Who

例如:I’m going to New York soon. →Who’s going to New York soon.
2、问干什么。What … do.

例如: My father is going to watch a race with me this 
           afternoon. →What is your father going to do with you this afternoon.
3.、问什么时候。When.

例如:She’s going to go to bed at nine. →When is she going to bed?

三、标志性单词:

tomorrow、next day(week\month\year…),

soon、the day after tomorrow(后天)等。

专项练习

一、选择:

(   ) 1. There __________ a meeting tomorrow afternoon.

A. will be going to    B. will going to be    C. is going to be    D. will go to be

(   ) 2. Charlie ________ here next month.

A. isn’t working    B. doesn’t working    C. isn’t going to working    D. won’t work

(   )3. He ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.

A. will be; is    B. is; is    C. will be; will be    D. is; will be

(   ) 4. –________ you ________ free tomorrow? – No. I ________ free the day after tomorrow.

A. Are; going to; will    B. Are; going to be; will    C. Are; going to; will be    D. Are; going to be; will be

(   )5. – Shall I buy a cup of tea for you? –________. (不,不要。)

A. No, you won’t.    B. No, you aren’t.    C. No, please don’t.    D. No, please.

二、动词填空:

—How long _____ you _____studyin our country?

—I _____planto be here for about one more year.

—I _____hopeto visit the other parts of your country.

—What ______ you ______doafter you ______leavehere?

—I ______returnhome and ______geta job.

三、句型转换:

1. People in the north often go skating in winter. next winter

2. There are two cinemas in that town. next year

3. He comes back late.in two days

 参考答案:

一、1. C 2. D 3. D 4.D  5. C

二、will  study  plan  hope will  do leave  will  return get

三、1. People in the north will go skating next winter.

2. There will be two cinemas in that town next year.

3. He will come back late in two days.

 

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