小学英语对划线部分提问题类

2018-12-17 14:19:00
张秀宇
原创
933

“就划线部分提问”的问题,是小学阶段英语学习的难点,如果掌握规律,就变得简单多了。

总结一条就是:“特殊疑问词+一般疑问句”,但特殊疑问词的确定要根据划线内容确定,在小学阶段常出现的有以下几种:

1、划线部分是“事或物”,特殊疑问词用what

eg: This is a bag. ---What is this?

We often play football on Sundays . ---What do you often do on Sundays ?

2、划线部分是“人”,特殊疑问词用who

eg:She is my sister. ---Who is she ?

3、划线部分是“地点”,特殊疑问词用where

eg:The apple is on the desk.---Where is the apple ?

4、划线部分是“时间”,特殊疑问词用what time或when

eg:It's six thirty . ---What time is it ?

I usually get up at six forty . --- When do you usually get up?

5、划线部分是“年龄”,特殊疑问词用how old

eg:I am twelve . ---How old are you?

     My mother is thirty- two . ---How old is your mother ?

6、划线部分是“职业”,特殊疑问词用what

eg:Tom is a worker. ---What is Tom?/What do you do ?

7、划线部分是“颜色”,特殊疑问词用what colour

eg:My hat is blue . ---What colour is your hat?

8、划线部分是“数量”,特殊疑问词用how many或how much

eg:I can see five birds in the tree.---How many birds can you see ?

     There is some tea in the cup. ---How much tea is there in the cup ?

9、划线部分是“多少钱”,特殊疑问词用how much

eg:This book is ten yuan. ---How much is this book ?

10、划线部分是“形容词性物主代词或名词性物主代词”,特殊疑问词用whose

Eg:That is my shirt . ---Whose shirt is that ?

The pen is yours. ---Whose is the pen ?

简单说:

形容词性物主代词 如 my your her 解释为“我的” “你的” “她的”和一般的形容词的形式一样都是“……的”
名词性物主代词  mine yours hers ”我的……” “你的……” “她的……” 在“的”后面加上名词构成名词短语,不就和一般的名词形式一样了么

小学英语对划线部分提问技巧总结

1答题口诀

一代(用疑问词代替划线部分),

二移(把疑问词移至句首)

三倒(颠倒主谓语,但对主语或其定语提问时除外)

四抄(照抄其它部分)

2特殊疑问词选择技巧:

1.问“谁”用who;        2.问“谁的”,用whose;

3.问“地点哪里”,用where;   4.问“原因”,用why;

5.问“身体状况”,用how;    6.问“方式”,用how;

7.问“年龄”,用how old;   8.问“多少”,用how many;

9.问"价钱”用how much;   10.问“哪一个”,用which ;

11.问“什么”,用what;   12.问“职业”,用what;

13.问“颜色”,用what colour;   

14.问“星期”,用what day;

15.问什么学科,用what subject;   

16.问“什么时候”,用when;

17.问几点用What’s the time?或 What time is it?

专题练习

1.My mother goes to work by bike.   

 _____ ______ your mother ______ to work?

2.That is a map of France.            _______ map is that?

3.The bag of rice is ten kilos.         

 _______ _______ _______ the bag of rice?

4. I think Chinese food is very nice. 

  _______ do you ______ _____ Chinese food?

5.The students like their teacher very much.  

______ do the students ______ their teacher?

6.His house is very big.          

______  ______ his house  _______ ?

7.There are six kites in the sky.        ______  in the sky?

8.He lives in Room 306.              

______ ______ ______ he ______ in?

9.She looks worried because she can't find her dog.

______ _______ she ______ worried?

10.It takes him half an hour to write the e-mail.

______ _______ _______ it ______ him to write the e-mail?

11.Classes begin at eight.          ______ _______ _______classes ________?

12.I want to buy three kilos of meat.

      _____  _______ _______ do you want to buy?

13.His uncle is a businessman.        

      _______  _____ his uncle  _______?

14.The orange dress is Kate's.        

     _______ _______ is Kate's?

15.It's Sunday today.               

     _______ _______ is it today?

16.The cats are running up the tree.   

      _______ are the cats _________ ?

17.Jim's plane is broken.           

        ________  ________  _______ Jim's plane?

18.He would like five cakes.        

       ________ ________ _______ would he like ?

19.They play football every Friday.   

         ________   ________  they play football?

20.The man in brown is Tom's father.  

       ________ ________ is Tom's father?

参考答案

1.How does, go 2.What 3.How heavy is 4.What, think of              5.How, like 6.What is, like 7.What's 8.Which room does, live            9.Why does, look 10.How long does, take 11.What time do, begin 12.How much meat 13.What does, do 14.Which dress 15.What day 16.Where,running 17.What's wrong with 18.How many cakes        19.When do 20.Which man

 

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